Structural adjustments give birth to new opportunities, industrial growth will reach 11% this year

The reporter recently learned from the "China Industrial Economics Operation Spring Report 2010" conference that the main expected target of China's industrial development this year is that the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size will increase by about 11% year-on-year, and the export delivery value will increase by about 8%. Industrial investment, including technological transformation, has grown by around 20%. The energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of industrial added value decreased by 7%, and the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste increased by 1.5 percentage points. The task of eliminating backward production capacity as determined by the State Council was completed on schedule.
In this regard, Zhu Hongren, a member of the Party and Chief Engineer and spokesperson of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, explained that “11% of industrial growth” is a guiding goal. The ultimate goal of this growth rate is to “GDP growth of 8%” this year. The goals match. He pointed out that this year's industrial growth rate may still be in a relatively high position. Since the focus of China's industrial work has been transferred to the adjustment structure and transfer mode, the 11% growth target is expected to be more reasonable.
Structural adjustment will bring new opportunities At the press conference, Zhu Hongren fully affirmed the achievements of China's industry over the past year. He pointed out that last year, in the field of industry and informatization, through the implementation of various policies and measures to expand domestic demand and stabilize exports, implement key industry adjustment and revitalization plans, support enterprises to accelerate technological transformation, promote 3G development and integration, and increase industrial production. The speed of development has stabilized and the economic operation has shown a trend of improvement in the efficiency of the month and the absorption of employment has increased significantly.
At present, China's industrial economy continues its good momentum last year. In the first two months of this year, China's industrial economy continued to maintain rapid growth.
According to Xin Guobin, director of the Operation Monitoring and Coordination Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, from January to February this year, the growth rate of industrial production above designated size in China was 20.7%; the ex-factory price of industrial products increased by 4.9%; the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size in the eastern, central and western regions increased respectively. 19.4%, 24% and 22.1%; industrial sales value above designated size increased by 37.5% year-on-year; export delivery value increased by 22.5% year-on-year, and monthly exports gradually recovered to the same level before the international financial crisis. Industrial investment increased by 21% from January to February.
Xin Guobin pointed out that investment is the main force driving the growth of the raw material industry. Statistics show that the growth rate of raw materials industry reached 20.7% in January-February this year. The reason for the faster growth was mainly due to the low base in the same period last year. It is expected that with the decline in investment growth rate, the growth rate of raw material industry will slow down this year, and the annual growth rate will fall back to around 11%.
In the equipment manufacturing industry, Xin Guobin pointed out that vigorously promoting structural adjustment and optimization and upgrading will bring new opportunities to the development of equipment manufacturing. From January to February this year, under the stimulation of automobile production, the added value of the equipment manufacturing industry increased by 28.1% year-on-year, ranking first in all industries. This year, the production and sales of automobiles will still show a trend of both production and sales, but the growth rate will drop significantly in the second half of last year. According to reports, China is actively promoting the industrialization of energy-saving and new-energy vehicles. Relevant departments are working hard to formulate and promote the development of new energy vehicle industry policies and related technology policies. Xin Guobin expects that the equipment manufacturing industry will grow at a rate of around 13% this year.
Xin Guobin pointed out that whether the consumer goods industry can achieve steady and rapid growth this year depends mainly on whether exports can achieve a rebound. In the case of a global economic recovery, he expects the export situation to be better than last year, and production growth is expected to reach around 11%. In addition, Xin Guobin also pointed out that from January to February this year, the added value of the electronics industry increased by 26.3% year-on-year, and the export delivery value increased by 27.8%. Production and exports have begun to rise steadily. It is expected that the export situation of the electronics industry will continue to improve this year. The annual growth rate of electronics manufacturing production will reach about 10%.
Repeatedly building overcapacity problems Zhu Hongren pointed out that from a general perspective, China's industrial recovery is gradually consolidating, but there are still many uncertain factors at home and abroad, so continue to cope with the international financial crisis to maintain stable and rapid industrial development. The task of accelerating the transformation of the development mode is still very arduous and the situation is still extremely complicated.
First, although the industrial economy has entered a path of rapid recovery, the basis for growth is still not strong. Zhu Hongren pointed out that from a macro perspective, the current economic recovery still relies mainly on investment promotion and policy support. The willingness to invest privately is not strong. Local financing is difficult. It is difficult for urban and rural residents to increase their income in the short term, stimulating domestic consumption and investment growth. The policy effect may be weakened, and the foundation of the recovery of the world economy is still relatively fragile.
Secondly, although the industrial scale has continued to grow, the problems of repeated construction and overcapacity in some industries are serious. According to reports, by the end of 2009, some of China's important industrial products in the world market share has reached 30% to 50%. Zhu Hongren pointed out that on the one hand, some products are slow-moving, prices are falling, and stocks are increasing. On the other hand, some places are still keen on paving and putting up projects. This phenomenon should be highly valued by relevant state departments.
Third, although the industrial structure adjustment has achieved certain results, the contradiction of unreasonable industrial layout is still outstanding, and the pressure to eliminate backward production capacity is relatively high. Zhu Hongren pointed out that the promotion of mergers and acquisitions and the elimination of backward production capacity are wide-ranging, policy-oriented, and difficult to coordinate. At present, it is still to be further actively promoted.
Fourth, although emerging industries have received attention from all quarters, the industrial base and supporting conditions are still weak. The contribution rate of scientific and technological progress to economic development is low, and the main body of technological innovation has not been truly established.
Fifth, although the world economy has shown a certain recovery momentum, the recovery process will be long and tortuous.
Sixth, although the business situation of the company has improved, it is still an extensive business model.
Xin Guobin also pointed out that from the perspective of the long-term development of the industrial economy, there are still many constraints at this stage: First, the constraints of resources and environment. China's industrial energy consumption accounts for 70% of the country's total energy consumption, while oil, iron ore, bauxite, and copper mines are increasingly dependent on foreign countries, and the pressure for sustainable development is high. Second, insufficient capacity for independent innovation. At present, the development of China's emerging industries is generally lagging behind, and industrial development has not yet embarked on the track of innovation-driven and endogenous growth. Third, the adjustment of industrial structure is lagging behind. Investment in some industries has grown too fast, the industrial structure is unreasonable, and emerging industries such as wind power equipment and polysilicon also have a tendency to build disorderly. The fourth is institutional and institutional obstacles. The work of optimizing the industrial structure and eliminating backward production capacity is faced with problems such as lack of understanding, inadequate policies, and imperfect exit mechanisms.
Vigorously cultivating strategic emerging industries Zhu Hongren pointed out that consolidating the recovery to a good operating situation, promoting the industrial economy to enter the development drive of innovation-driven and endogenous growth, realizing the fundamental improvement of the industrial economy, and shifting the structural adjustment and development mode More prominent position.
He pointed out that 2010 is a crucial year for continuing to cope with the international financial crisis, maintaining stable and rapid economic development, and accelerating the transformation of economic development mode. It is to fully realize the objectives of the 11th Five-Year Plan and lay a solid foundation for the development of the 12th Five-Year Plan. An important year. In order to implement the unified deployment and requirements of the central government, in 2010, the industrial and information system will be transformed into a main line with structural adjustment and development methods. In accordance with the principle of overall consideration and focus, the following key tasks will be promoted in an orderly manner:
First, continue to implement macroeconomic regulation and control policies to expand domestic demand and promote the steady and rapid development of the industrial economy. The second is to increase the intensity of technological transformation and focus on transforming and upgrading traditional industries with advanced and applicable technologies. The third is to adopt comprehensive policy measures to vigorously promote the elimination of backwardness and mergers and acquisitions. The fourth is to increase investment and policy support to accelerate the cultivation of strategic emerging industries. Fifth, comprehensively implement various support policies to further promote the development of SMEs. The sixth is to optimize the structure of export products and actively promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade. The seventh is to strengthen and improve corporate management and continuously improve the ability and competitiveness of enterprises to adapt to market changes.
As cultivating and developing strategic emerging industries plays an important role in adjusting the structure, transforming the development mode, and occupying the commanding heights of economic development, Xin Guobin further stressed that this year the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will make scientific plans, clarify development priorities, increase support for independent innovation, and continuously improve research and development. Ability, strive to break through core technologies and key common technologies, form a group of independent technologies and standards, and promote the development of strategic emerging industries. In addition, we must vigorously develop venture capital funds to achieve effective links between the development of strategic emerging industries and capital markets.
 

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